January-May, travels between Algiers, Bari, and Naples with Morale Operations (OSS), as the Allied liberation of Italy moves northward.
June, Rome liberated. Morale Operations sets up an office there by early July, officially the 2677th Regiment OSS.
ST’s duties involve the preparation of pictorial propaganda, some of it dropped over Germany to imply a fictitious German resistance movement. According to an official OSS explanation: “When forging an enemy publication, a definite style is used, such as that of a certain cartoonist or a primitive and hasty style when the drawings are supposedly originated by underground movements using improvised means.” ST’s drawings were usually copied as linocuts by his colleague Barbara Podoski and then put into propaganda service.
While drawing in the style of an imagined German resistance artist, he is also sending drawings of military life to The New Yorker, where they are published as portfolios over the next year: “North Africa,” April 15 and 29, 1944; “Italy,” June 10, July 8 and 29, 1944; “India,” February 24 and April 28, 1945.
Promoted to lieutenant (jg).
September, ordered back to the OSS office in Washington. Before returning stateside, makes a short trip to Bucharest to visit his family (September 18-25)—the last time he sets foot in Romania.
October 4, arrives at the Naval air base in Patuxent, Maryland. Gets brief leave of absence. October 11, marries Hedda Sterne.
Travels between the OSS office in Washington and Naval Command in New York. In Washington, sometime before spring 1945, compiles a portfolio of Morale Operations work for OSS records and congressional oversight committees: “Collection of Cartoons Produced by MO Artist Lt. (jg) Saul Steinberg. Target – Germany…1941-1945.”.
In New York, lives with Hedda at 410 East 50th St.
November 16, signs new contract with the Civita agency, now with Victor Civita, his brother Cesar having left for Argentina; ST now receives 70% of earnings from the sale of drawings to magazines and newspapers. The contract excludes drawings for The New Yorker, with whom ST signs a separate contract on December 23.